Important topics in Hydroponics and Aeroponics.


Traditional Farming Methods:

In past times, this term referred to organic farming, horse and plow, manure fertilizers. Rudimentary; hand type farming. Today Modern farming with machines, computers, and technology has become known as “traditional.” We further define this as the current use of many millions of acres of land that is plowed, tilled, planted, and harvested. The phrase also implies the vast requirements of ground water supplies, fertilizers, and pesticides. The phrase also includes the connotations of inefficiency and gross environmental damage; esp. to Air and Water.





A soil-less system of 4 techniques that delivers water and nutrients directly to plant roots. Systems use 80 to 90% less water than traditional farming and all water is recycled in a closed loop.


A soil-less system similar to Hydroponics, but the nutrient solution is sprayed directly onto plant roots. This system uses 90% less water than Hydroponic methods.


Also known as Pisciponics, this is a sustainable food production system that combines conventional aquaculture, (raising aquatic animals such as snails, fish, crayfish or prawns in tanks), with hydroponics (cultivating plants in water) in a symbiotic environment. In aquaculture, effluents accumulate in the water, increasing toxicity for the fish. This water is led to a hydroponic system where the by-products from the aquaculture are broken down by nitrogen-fixing bacteria, then filtered out by the plants as nutrients, after which the cleaned water is recirculated back to the animals. As existing hydroponic and aquaculture farming techniques form the basis for all aquaponics systems, the size, complexity, and types of foods grown in an aquaponics system can vary as much as any system found in either distinct farming discipline.

Organically Grown:

Fruit and vegetable produce grown without chemical pesticides or chemical fertilizers.

Green Energy:

Refers to creating electric power with Solar, Wind, Hydrodynamic, or Geo- Thermal energy sources.

Energy Positive Building:

A building that uses green energy sources instead of fully drawing power or water from the utilities grid. Esp. if excess power/water is sold back to grid.

Green Job:

Also called a green-collar job is, “work in agricultural, manufacturing, research and development (R&D), administrative, and service activities that contribute(s) substantially to preserving or restoring environmental quality. Specifically, but not exclusively, this includes jobs that help to protect ecosystems and biodiversity; reduce energy, materials, and water consumption through high efficiency strategies; de-carbonize the economy; and minimize or altogether avoid generation of all forms of waste and pollution.”


A framework containing the basic assumptions, ways of thinking, and methodology that are commonly accepted by members of a community.


The ability to perpetuate without negative side effects. The positives outweigh the negatives. Pertaining to a system that maintains its own viability by using techniques that allow for continual reuse: sustainable agriculture. Aquaculture is a sustainable alternative to overfishing.

Spray Foam Roofing:

Closed cell Poly-urethane Foam applied to a roof surface (typically flat), providing a light weight, watertight, and extremely durable surface. This surface is often white and as such, is highly reflective. This type of roofing system is desirable for its insulative properties and the abilities to reduce a buildings’ electric power consumption by 30%. Unlike other types of roofing material, SPF does not allow any leak to run. The system cannot leak unless the full thickness and sub structure is breached. This also makes any repairs very easy and inexpensive. Atmospheric Water Generation: This is the process by which water vapor is extracted from the air instead of from the ground, rivers or oceans. Today’s technology allows machines of all most any size to provide water needs for various things. Use of this technology can greatly reduce our dependency on fresh water resources. The added benefit is that this process also greatly helps to scrub clean the air at the same time. All impurities captured in the water is filtered out and properly disposed of.

Genetically Engineered:

In recent years, science has afforded us the ability to create, through genetic manipulation, fruits and vegetables that are resistant to harsh weather and or insects. However, this comes with a price. Because GMO’s (Genetically Modified Organisms) are made to grow faster and harvest sooner, their fruit often lacks any taste or smell.


This refers to the use of computer controlled lighting, temperature, humidity, and air flow.


This is the water that condenses on the copper coils of air conditioning units. This water is normally wasted, but we will capture filler and reuse it for all our watering needs.


This means reusing/ repurposing or revitalizing something that is currently inactive but still inherently valuable.


This is an acronym for Light Emitting Diode. This type of light produces no heat and responds immediately to the electrical impulse control signal. This type of light fixture is capable of emitting the full spectrum of light waves. It is the preferred light method of computer controlled systems.


Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design comprises a suite of rating systems for the design, construction and operation of high performance green buildings, homes and neighborhoods. There are several means by which the effectiveness of the LEED system could be measured. At a basic level, the LEED standard itself aims for improvements in the environmental and human health through improving building performance in five key categories. The energy consumption of the building will be carefully checked by the MEP design engineers or Energy Modelers. The installation of mechanical, electrical and plumbing or any additional equipment or fixtures effect the sustainability features determining the efficiency of the building.

Carbon Foot Print:

A measure of the total amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) emissions of a defined population, system or activity, considering all relevant sources, sinks and storage within the spatial and temporal boundary of the population, system or activity of interest.

Grey Water:

This is municipal waste water that has all solid waste material removed. The use of Grey Water in vertical farming provides for the fact that plants are natural filters. They will absorb the organic material from the water and produce water suitable of potable uses. This process holds great promise for water conservation and reduction of costs for standard remediation.

Sewage water remediation:

(AKA Sewage treatment) It is this water that is recycled by varying degrees of filtering and chemical treatment for return to the system, i.e. tap water or commercial irrigation.


The means by which more plants are created from seeds, cutting or air layering. This is the process of growing a seed to the point of small plants suitable for transplant into a Hydroponic or Aeroponic cell.